Certification strategies are gaining widespread customer support and constitute
an important vector in changing how food will be obtained and distributed in the future.
Third-party certification (TPC) differs from first and second party certification mainly
because the third-party authority that issues the certificate has no interest in the transaction.
Third-Party Certification of Agri-Food Supply Chain Using Smart Contracts and Blockchain Tokens is a paper that answers this research questions:
RQ1: “Is it possible to establish a harvest TPC mechanism with tamper-resistant certificates
easily available to anyone, even previously unknown food supply chain stakeholder via
RQ2: “If one such mechanism is possible, who will carry the data input and maintenance
costs? In other words, how will each stakeholder be incentivized to use this mechanism?”
RQ3: “If one such mechanism is possible, what would be the typical time for the response
to a certification query, in other words what quality of service can be expected by the